Meaning of Patent & Type of Patent Application
A patent grants an exclusive right to the inventor/owner of the Invention done in the form of new goods or as new or improved Industrial Processes. Registration of patents in India is serious work requiring years of experience & sound technical knowledge of the subject matter. For grant of the patent, an application is filed for the Invention, which is new, novel & was not disclosed anywhere before filing it to the office of the controller of patents in India. The patent application is filed with a technical write up in the form of Patent Specification. One of the main criteria of patentability is its novelty & non-obviousness. There are three kinds of patent applications that may be filed. Here is the brief on the Type of Patent Application.
Ordinary Indian Patent Application: This is the most common application by an Indian Inventor. The Invention is disclosed for the first time before the Indian Patent Office and can be filed either with the provisional or complete specification. If the application is filed with the provisional specification, the complete specification must be filed within 12 months of the first application date.
Convention Application: The Paris convention, 1883, on patent the contracting countries have recognized the value of first disclosure of patent or “Prior Art”, and in case of international applications, an applicant can file a patent within 12 months of filing the first application, and the previous disclosure shall not be considered as prior art for the subsequent country application
PCT Application: The Patent Co-Operation Treaty provides for a mechanism wherein an international application for a grant of a patent can be filed from India for 152 contracting countries. In the first phase, the application is examined by the international examination authority of the applicant's choice; after that, the applicant can file the national phase application.
Get Patent Registration Guide,
Step Wise Process & Over All Cost.
Patentability Criteria for the Patents
While granting a patent, a country gives exclusive rights of the invention to the patent holder within the territorial jurisdiction of that country. The patent is a negative right to exclude others from making, using, selling or dealing in the invented goods or industrial service. Every country has their set of laws to judge the invention for giving legal protection of the patent.
Novelty: An invention to be qualified for the grant of Patent must be new & novel. When we say novel, it means that the new product or the process should not have been already known on any document, granted Patent or published Patent, any literature, or knowledge in the public domain. The best method to check the novelty is to do a Patent Search, & we have the technical capability to conduct a high-quality patent search in all jurisdictions.
Inventive Step: The invention should result from some creative inputs or technical advancement over the existing knowledge or have economic advantages over earlier knowledge. It should be something not expected from a person skilled in the same art. When an inventor solves a problem through his invention, & another person can provide the exact solution using his acquired knowledge, it shall not be considered inventive.
Industrial Application: Section 2 (ac) of the Indian Patent Act clearly states that the invention must be capable of being used by way of its manufacture as goods or utilisation as an Industrial process. In other words, the invention should be abstract and with the practical utility to the industry.
Non Patentable Subject Matters: The subject matter of the invention should not be in the list of Non-Patentable Subject Matters as prescribed under Sections 3 and 4 of the Indian Patents Act. We advise you to check the statute for the complete list. Some of the examples are as under.
- Frivolous Invention
- Anything Contrary To The Natural Laws
- Mere Discovery
- Abstract Theory
- Discovery Of Living Or Non-Living Things
- Discovery Of New Form Of Known Substance
- Mere Admixture
- Mere Arrangement Or Re-Arrangement
- Method Of Horticulture
- Method Of Agriculture
- Surgical Process
- Mathematical/ Business Method
- Computer Program Per Se
- Mere Scheme Or Rule
- Topology Of Integrated Circuit
- Literary Or Artistic Work
- Presentation Of Information
- Traditional Knowledge Or
- Invention Related With Atomic Energy
Prior Art Search for Patent Filing
The Prior Art Searches are conducted to find related documents or literature similar to the invention. By conducting Prior Art Searches of the patent, the inventor shall know whether the same or similar invention exists. Although a prior art search is not mandatory, for instance, if the patent application is being filed only for publicity or to use it in marketing activities of the enterprise with no intention to get the patent granted, the Prior Art Search is non-essential. However, if the invention is fundamental to the business or where significant resources have been used to research & develop the new product or process, the Prior Art Searches becomes a must thing. Similarly, the amount to be invested in the prior art also depends on the nature & purpose of patent filing.
A prior art search may be conducted in one or more databases of different jurisdictions with the object of finding the same or similar invention. The inventor may re-work his invention to make it novel and thus patentable. The prior art searches maybe involve the following.
- Short-listing of keywords
- An exhaustive search of databases
- Extensive Internet-based search
- Analysis and interpretation of search results
Drafting & Filing of Patent Specification
The patent specification is a techno-legal document that appears in the public search when the patent gets published. The examiner decides the patent application based on the patent specification and the claims; hence, it is the essential document in a patent application where the inventor explains all about the invention. The patent application may be filed in India with the provisional specification or with a complete specification. The application is deemed to be completely filed after filing the complete patent specification.
Provisional Specification of Patent: The Patent application is filed with Provisional Specification to claim priority date before the Patent Office. It is filed by the inventor where more time is required to perfect the invention. However, it has reached a stage where it can be disclosed. The provisional specification does not contain claims, and within 12 months of filing the provisional specification, the complete specification should be filed.
Complete Specification of Patent: The complete specification is a techno legal document, where the inventor discloses all details of the Invention along with the claims that the inventor has from the Invention. The complete specification must contain the following in the document.
- Field of Invention
- Brief Description of Drawings
- Detailed Description
The Patent Specification is such an important tool; it may be used in favour of the patent applicant or against it; hence it should not be left to be designed or drafted by a layman. We have come across several cases where the inventor has prepared the specification without professional assistance & loses the patent itself. The specification needs to be drafted by keeping in mind the patenting process, using legal & technical terminologies, & complying with the provisions of patent law. We have domain expert lawyers & scientists to help in patent drafting.
More Question? A specialist is here to help
Call us at: +91 9899 600 605 or Email us: email@example.com
Step-Wise Process for Patent Registration
Step - 1:
Write down details of the Invention in Great Detail
The first step for Patent Filing in India should start with collecting all the information, ideas, and concepts relating to the instant Invention. While collecting the details of the Invention, you may consider the preparation of a diagram, flow chart or sketch with a particular emphasis on how your Invention is different from the existing knowledge or art. This step helps us perform prior art searching and the drafting of the patent specification.
|The inventor is the most suitable person to collect the necessary information, which shall be the basis of prior art searches & the drafting of specifications & claims.|
|The information collected in the first step is very useful for the attorney to understand the patent and be used for further drafting.|
|No Role of Patent Office|
Step - 2:
Patentability Search (This is an optional step)
The next logical step is though crucial but is an optional one. The patentability of a patent depends broadly on four criteria, as explained in the above section of this page. The patentability search and prior art searches help the inventor to decide whether to go ahead or not with the Patent.
|The inventor has to provide explanations and further information as may be desired by the patent attorney or professional doing the patentability searches and during the review of the prior arts found.|
|To understand the depth of the Invention, the problems that the Invention is claiming to solve and how the solution is provided. The attorney then has to conduct a Prior Art and Patentability Search as per the information received from the inventor.|
|No Role of Patent Office|
Step - 3:
Drafting of Patent Specification
The patent specification is the most crucial techno-legal document that is filed as a mandatory attachment in a patent application. The drafting of the specification should be done by the inventor himself or a person who is a specialist in the subject matter; the attorney should see if proper terminology is used or not and whether the specification is complying with the patent law or not.
|To answer queries of patent attorney during the drafting of the specification and in particular, inputs on the inventive steps and claims of the patent|
|A good specification helps in the speedy disposal of the patent, the attorney drafting the patent should use references of existing knowledge and draft in simple but technically correct words.|
|No Role of Patent Office|
Step - 4:
Publication of the Patent Application
The patent office does the publication of the patent upon an application by the applicant. The publication of the patent is done after 18 months from the date of patent application only when the applicant makes a separate application for the same. However, the application for early publication may be filed with the additional fee along with either with the application or any time after its filing.
The purpose of advertising the patent is to afford an opportunity to the public at large to see if there is any objection to the grant of the patent in favour of the applicant.
Step - 5:
Request for Examination & First Examination Report
The applicant needs to make an application for the examination of a patent where the examiner reviews the application from the point of patentability and issues the First Examination Report (FER). The application for examination is filed after the patent is advertised; however, before 48 months of filing the first application. An application for expedited examination may be filed to speed the process.
Step - 6:
Filing of Respond to Patent Office Objections
The examiner records the patent office's objections in grating the Patent to a particular inventor in the patent examination report. A suitable reply should be filed with a pointwise reply on each point of objection supported with established legal principles and citation of the relevant ruling.
Step - 7:
Grant of Patent
Once the patent office is satisfied with the reply to the examiner's objections and if the application meets all the patentability requirements, the Patent is granted.
List of Documents Required For Patent Filing in India
- Application in Form 1
- Patent Specification in Form 2
- Drawings With Description
- Abstract of Invention
- Claims of Patent
- Priority Document (Convention Application)
- Statement & Undertaking under Section 8 (Form 3)
- Declaration of Inventor-Ship (Form 5)
- Power of attorney (Form 26)
- Form 28 in case of MSME/ Startup
Timeline for Grant of Patent in India
The patent application is a stage-wise process as detailed in the step-wise process section; the patent may get published on an additional government fee. The applicant can also file for expedited examination of the patent to reduce the overall time required for the grant of the patent.
|S.No||Activity||Normal Route||Express Route|
|1.||Novelty search: Prior Art Search is optional but highly recommended||10 Days||10 Days|
|2.||Drafting of Patent Specification||15 Days||15 Days|
|3.||Filing of Patent Application||1 Day||1 Day|
|4.||Publication of Patent Application||after 18 Months||Within 1 Month of Filing|
|5.||Request for Examination||Within 48 Months of Application Filing||Along with Application|
|6.||First Examination Report (FER)||More than 1 Years after the request for examination is filed||Within 6 Months of Application Filing|
|7.||Response to FER or Opposition||File reply within 6 Months of issue of FER||File Reply ASAP if the issue of FER|
|8.||Grant of Patent||Practically it takes 2-4 Years in Grant of Patent through Normal Route||Under Express Route Patent is Granted within 1-1.5 Years|
Renewal Fee for Patents in India
To keep a patent in force, a renewal fee has to be paid to the Indian patent office before the expiration of the second year for the advancing year. A patent is granted for a period of 20 years from the date of filing of the application and the International filing date in case of the PCT National phase application. The renewal fee is paid to the Indian patent office 3rd Year onwards in advance.
If the patent is granted later than two years from the date of filing of the application, the due fees have to be paid within three months from the date of recording of the patent in the register. If the patent is granted before the expiry of the two years from the date of filing of the application, the first renewal fee becomes due in respect of the third year, which has to be paid before the expiration of the second year. There is no separate form to be submitted for renewal. An applicant can directly pay the renewal fee by making a request to the patent controller.
Frequently Asked Questions
What is a Patent?
A patent is an exclusive right conferred to the inventor or its authorized applicant for twenty years for its beneficial use.
What can be Patented In India?
Every invention is not patentable; sections 3 and 4 of the patent act lay down what is not patented. Apart from the objections of sections 3 and 4, the invention should also pass the novelty test and must be non-obvious or have inventive steps.
What is the right time to file a Patent in India?
The priority date is critical; hence we suggest filing the patent ASAP. Delaying the patent filing is very risky for two reasons, firstly there is always a risk of someone else filing the same invention or a closely related invention. Secondly, there is a significant risk of leaking the invention before filing. Suppose the patent is incomplete or the inventor is still working on trials & ascertaining the claims. In that case, we recommend you file a patent with provisional specification & file the complete specification within 12 months of filing the patent application.
What are the benefits of patent registration?
The patent registration confers upon the inventor/applicant exclusive rights with respect to the invention. The inventor can sell, license or do whatever it wishes for twenty years. The monetisation of a patent effectively is always an option for the patent holder. Following are the instant advantages of a patent.
- Patent grants exclusive right to commercially exploit the rights over an Invention
- The inventor can assign his rights in favour of another person against consideration
- A patent is considered favourably for recognition as STARTUP
- Exclude all others from using, selling, offering for sale your invention in your country
- Having patents help you in raising finance as investors attach considerable value to it
What is a Prior art search?
Prior art search is a process to find evidence if there is previous knowledge of the invention before the date of filing the patent application.
What is Provisional Application Filing?
Provisional patent application filing means disclosing the preliminary details of the invention to the patent office. We strongly recommend filing a provisional application of Patent immediately after the invention is made so that even if it is leaked, it should not create prior art against the invention being applied. The provisional application must contain the maximum possible disclosure of the invention.
What is a Complete Specification?
The Complete specification must disclose everything about the invention so that the examiner of the patent can decide the patentability. You may file a patent application with complete specification or provisional specification. However, when a patent application is filed in India with the provisional specification, the complete specification must be filed with drawings and claims of the invention within 12 months of the original filing. The final specification must be drafted so that a person of the same or similar skill must be able to make the goods or perform the industrial process after reading the specification.
What is Examination of Patent?
The patent examiner examines the patent specification to check the patentability of a particular invention. The patent examination does not happen automatically, but the applicant has to move a separate application for examination of the patent at the time or after the filing of the complete specification. However, the request for examination of the patent must be filed within 48 months of making the first application.
What is the publication of a patent?
The publication of the Patent is done upon request after the expiry of 18 months. However, an early publication request can be made to the patent office. So, that it is advertised within 1-2 months
What is Convention Patent Filing?
A patent confers protection in the country's territory where the patent is granted. As per the Paris Convention, the member countries can file the patent in another country within twelve months of the first filing date. Other countries shall respect the priority date as per the first filing
How to file an international patent application?
The international patent application may be filed in the following three ways. Direct Filing: The patent application may be filed directly to a patent office as an ordinary application; however, in case the inventor seeks to obtain a patent in different countries, then the patent application in all countries should be filed simultaneously. Convention Application: As per the Paris Convention, the inventor may apply in one or several countries within 12 months of first filing; the priority date shall be the first filing date. PCT Application: Under the PCT application, the patent application to several countries can be made from the country of origin. The biggest advantage is that the inventor of their own choice may select the International Examiner.
Does the patent application gets examined automatically?
No, The applicant has to make a separate application in Form 18 to examine the Patent Application. Form 18 may be filed when filing the complete specification, where a request for early publication or after the Patent is advertised.
What is a patent renewal, and is it has to be paid every year?
The patent renewal fee is payable after two years of application & for the third year & onwards to keep the Patent effective after its grant.
What are the regulatory offices for patent filing in India?
The patent filing in India is done with the controller of patents; it has four regional offices at Delhi, Mumbai, Chennai and Kolkata
Can an inventor request for early publication?
Yes, with an additional fee, the inventor may request for an early publication in form 9. The additional fee payable will depend on the type of applicant.
Is Indian Patent valid throughout the world?
No patent granted is valid within the territory of the granting country only. Hence the Patent granted by the Indian government is valid only in India.
I am new at incorporation field but SETINDIABIZ help me out & I would like to mention especially for Ms Sana Parveen guided me all through the...See at Google
I was doubtful in the beginning to contact them for my work but they proved to be very professional and fast. I contacted SetIndiaBiz for...See at Google
Wonderful experience and a very professional bunch of people. To name some I have been recently dealing with Shaily Dhoudiyal, Suman Khowal...See at Google
Wonderful experience. Setindiabiz is very professional and efficient. Its executives are very friendly and helpful. Preeti who was handling...See at Google
Professionalism at its best. Every employee in this company is so energetic and punctual. you can rely on this company for sure...See at Google
Super fast service, They helped me in formation of my new company "Storaway Warehousing And Logistics Private Limited"...See at Google
The staff is really praiseworthy. I would like to mention specially for Ms Shaily Dhoundiyal guided me all through the process. she...See at Google
A good and professional company. I came to know about this company from Google. When I go through company profile and big company. My serviceSee at Google
Enthical company with finest of Staff , Specially Shailey Dhoundiyal. She helped a lot through out the process of registration ans incorporationSee at Google
Extremely Satisfied with the service. I came through this company in Google search. Initially I was hesitant about how would be the service... See at Google
Setbiz India made us very easy to deal with all documentation. Staff Shaily guided all through the process. Over all a Good team. Keep it up... See at Google
Sana parveen has been really efficient an quick in the process for KYC filing. Tremendous job.keep up the good work. All the best... See at Google
Setindiabiz truly committed to their statements .Their work is also very quick and on time and they even treat their customers in.... See at Google
All the work of my company has been done by Satindiabiz employees for the last 3 years. I am satisfied with their work. I thank to Shaily.... See at Google
My first experience today and it was really a wonderful experience. Quick updates and follow ups considering the criticality of the.... See at Google
I'm very happy with the services provided ms Nishtha walked me through some of the processing very patiently and kept regular updates. Thank you... See at Google
Shaily is prompt and cooperative, i had a smooth experience in filing my annual returns and also during LLP establishment. I thank her and wish good luck :-)... See at Google
All the work of my company has been done by Satindiabiz employees for the last 3 years. I am satisfied with their work. I thank to Shaily medm for the submission of my DIN KYC file... See at Google
They provide the best service for business registeration.Thank you so much Shaily for providing such a great and efficient assistance for my... See at Google
I had a very pleasant experience with SetIndiaBiz. Thanks to shaily and shubhlam who guided me step by step through the process... See at Google
Shaily and Khusboo have been great professionals, showing an amazin intent of delivering customer satisfaction.. I highly recommend SETINDIABIZ!.... See at Google
This company have a great service and my cs Sana Praveen mam is so good and very responsive person . Thank you setindiabiz and thank u Sona mam... See at Google
They give fast response to the customers and respect them and helps the customer in all the way in budget friendly manner... See at Google
They give fast response to the customers and respect them and helps the customer in all the way in budget friendly manner... See at Google
Good people but worst services. If you are startup please avoid them. There is lot of miscommunication and no proper information. They wont... See at Google
Excellent service, Very cooperative, Especially Harish sharma's way of talking and understanding your query is extremely nice. Thank you...See at Google
Excellent service, prompt response. Very professional approach to the entire process. Special thanks to Neha who made it very easy for me....See at Google
SETINDIABIG good services with in a short period of time, employees excellently coordinate with a clients Tq SARANYA and team for supporting...See at Google
Registration took just one day to complete. Speed of execution is key to start new business and Setindia understands the needs of...See at Google
They are truly committed to their statements .Their work is also very quick and on time and they even treat their customers in a very polite...See at Google
The executive person were incredible helpful and understanding of my views of situation and did everything they could to get me the Incorporation...See at Google
I am very satisfied with the work. which Sana Parveen had done. really appreciate for the fast process and. access. thanks to setindiabiz and...See at Google
Awesome great service! We are unexpected. my company get easy all legal documents through SetIndiabiz. They are provided best...See at Google
I have done my company registration at SETINDIABIZ along with TM and taken consultancy services for FDI . Services and guidance was...See at Google
I am very impressed with work delivery system of Setindiabiz & team. They're very much competent to guide any start Up in statutory...See at Google
Good company, good people gives compliance related services in very professional way and delight customer by their services. i very much...See at Google
Highly supporting system for new business.. thankyou SETINDIABIZ for providing every type of business related support to new in field...See at Google
Thank to all team members of SETINDIABIZ ..Your customer support is really like Backbone... Special thanks to "Mr. Praveen Singh" who is...See at Google
Big thanks to Kuldeep, Shaily and folks at SetIndiaBiz for registering my company within 7 days. Everything was handled professionally... See at Google
I appreciate your service and will surely recommend to my friends who are looking for registering their company . It was a excellent job... See at Google
Thanks For Helping In Registration of Company And Registration of GST. They Come Quickly Than Estimated Time. ................... See at Google
My notions were feeble to pay for online services before "SETINDIABIZ" experiences. However they utterly pay-off my each penny by their swift and... See at Google
Thank you SETINDIABIZ for all your help in registering my private limited company in Bangalore, very smooth and they made it very easy for me. ... See at Google
Very Good Service, Quick Qquality Work, Time completed, Low Cost Work, We be Happy. TSR ENGINEERING PVT LTD /Director........... See at Google
Interacted with Mr. Manav Gandhi for filing my gst returns. He was very courteous, polite and quick-to-action. Thank you for your...See at Google
perfection, sincerity, on timing means SETINDIABIZ. contacted several companies for my work online and offline but couldn't get anyone to...See at Google
Excellent services offered for Start Up Firms and also for existing companies. Hope SetIndiaBiz opens up more offices in Tier II cities and...See at Google
Excellent support from Manav Gandhi at SETINDIABIZ. He ensured to stay back in office till late night and complete our work at the earliest and...See at Google
Good work done by Mr manav gandhi ,he is more concerned about my work to be completed on time,loved his working. ...............See at Google
I always had a great experience with SetIndiaBiz. It is since 2 years that I am getting all my trademarks done through them......See at Google
Best legal service provider and flexibility in time commitment.All executives from sales to operations team: neha & Swati are really good in...See at Google
I would like to mention that Set India Biz is one of the best professional company I have worked with. All team members are customer focused and...See at Google
I believe with the relationship with SETINDIABIZ is worth value for money. Our account was managed by Proshanto and he has very proactive to support... See at Google
Overall it is good Experience. Representatives are very active. They will walk you through each and every process. They will help you with the...See at Google
Great service with understanding of budget and requirement of customer. A trustful firm for people who has basic knowledge of legal rules. ... See at Google
I highly appreciate the managers and co-workers as they are highly committed to their work. All the reports, forms and correspondence are... See at Google
I had very good experience of setting up my company. The team at SetIndiabiz are professional & understands need and executes at pace needed. ... See at Google
Setindiabiz is a Great Company for registration of PVT. LTD. , LLP or any other company. Their process is fast but due to Durga puja holiday my... See at Google
We got our documentation done by SetindiaBiz and we are really happy to have found the right consultancy. Really helpful, patient and ... See at Google
Perfection and quality makes SETINDIABIZ differ from other companies. Promptness is an additional quality of them. Hats-off guys. Good job...See at Google
I'm happy with the phone and the deal i got from the company. Speaking with the service team helped me get exactly what i was looking for... See at Google
Dedicated, supportive and understanding team. What else we need to get the jobs done? Thanks to Set India Biz for helping me. .......See at Google
Have a great pleasure, and experience with team 'SETINDIABIZ' knowledgeable and supporting staff. As per our requirement, They committed and...See at Google
It's amazing. It was easy to understand and work was completed smoothly. Liked there work and recommend everyone to give them a chance. The best...See at Google
Very Nice and great company, all the executives are so polite and professional, they know their work very well and they are master in them. ......See at Google
Reliable with service satisfaction, employees are very helping & cooperative. Am grateful & thank you to the entire team of SetIndiabiz was......See at Google
I have had a very good experience with them in incorporating my LLP. Sana Parveen from Delhi office has been very helpful and very much approachable.......See at Google
The complete team is amazing, a very co-operative and helpful. They will answer all your questions calmly even if you ask same thing million of times. ...See at Google
I should write here .. I'm really impressed about Ms. PUJA.. You're an asset to your company Setindiabiz... I'm writing most about the person...See at Google
Good company for dealing with startups especially for documentation and registration. On the time action and positive results. ........See at Google
Great people, culture, All of the team, including the managers are approachable, helpful, caring and hard working.....keep up the good work....!! ...See at Google
I would like to mention that Set India Biz is one of the best professional company I have worked with. All team members are customer focused...See at Google
Rhanks To Sana For Being An Best Supportive Cordinator All The Time. On Start Had face a Lot of Issues because of mumbai Office but then Got in...See at Google
Excellent service. Mainly, its the timely update needed which is supplied on regular intervals. Ms. Khushboo & Ms. Swati were very cooperative...See at Google
The support given to me by corporate lawyer Mr. Kishore is really commendable. He was very cooperative in her approach towards our requirement and...See at Google
I had a good experience with SetIndiaBiz for TM registration. Mr. Shubham who was dealing my case was very professional and clear about what is ...See at Google
REALLY FAST AND PROMPT SERVICE.VERY GOOD EXPERIENCE OF SETTING UP ALL THE REQUIREMENTS WITHOUT ANY HINDERANCE. .THANKS TO THE TEAM ESPECIALLY MR. ...See at Google
I hardly trust people in business society. However, the people in this company are exception. You can trust them blindly. They are unbelievably ...See at Google