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Microfinance Company Registration

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Microfinance Company provides small loans and other credit services to stakeholders. These financial institutions would lend to SMEs and other businesses that cannot acquire credit from banks. Setindiabiz provides its services to set up a Microfinance Institution in India.

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Meaning of Micro Finance Company
Micro Finance Companies, also known as Micro-credit organisations, are the organisations that help small businesses get loans because banks don’t give them money due to lengthy processes. They provide small loans to small businesses and households that don’t have access to formal banking channels or can get loans because they don’t have enough money.
People who live in rural areas can get small loans worth less than Rs.50,000, and people who live in cities can get loans worth up to Rs.1,25,000. A Section-8 Company is the easiest way to start a Micro Finance Company in India. You don’t have to pay any extra money or put up any guarantee security to create a Section-8 Company with the MCA (Ministry of Corporate Affairs). A microfinance company can give loans at low rates that the RBI and the government set.
Further, it should be pointed out that a microfinance institution or a company is a Non-Deposit Taking NBFC and is not the same as a Section 8 company. It also has to follow the rules and regulations set by the Reserve Bank of India Act 1934 and the rules and regulations set by the Reserve Bank of India.
Type of Micro Finance Company
Basically, a microfinance company is a financial institution that helps people with small amounts of money get a loan, credit, or save money. There are companies that help small businesses get loans because banks don’t give them money because they have a long process. As a result, it is known as a “micro-credit, micro-benefit organisation.” There are two types of microfinance companies that are allowed in India. The first type is NBFC that has to be approved by the RBI, and the second type is a non-profit company that doesn’t have to be approved by the RBI and is incorporated as a section 8 company under the Companies Act, 2013
Difference between an NBFC and Section 8 MFC
S.No Particulars As NBFC As Section 8
Approval From RBI,
Yes, It is Mandatory
Not Required
Net Owned Fund Requirement
Minimum 5 Crores
No Minimum Requirement
Director Experience
There must be at least one director who has worked in the financial industry for more than 10 years.
No Experience Required
Limit on Loans
The maximum loan disbursal should be within 10% of total assets
Can give unsecured loan
  1. Up to 50,000 to small business
  2. Loan up to Rs1.25 lakh to dwelling residence
Complexity in Registering the Microfinance Company
Complicated as it requires approval of RBI
Relatively simple
Compliance Applicability
All compliance as it applies to an NBFC
They need to adhere to RBI rules and regulations
Number of Members
Minimum 2 in case of private limited & 7 in case of public limited
Minimum of 2 Person
Status of Organisation
With Profit Motive
No Profit Motive
Process of Registration of Microfinance Company as NBFC
As there are two ways to start a Micro Finance Company, the process of setting up an NBFC or a Section 8 Company varies significantly. For setting up Microfinance as NBFC following are the steps wise process.
  • Register a Company

    The first step is to set up a Private Limited or Public Limited Company by filing a Spice Plus application with the ROC. We have a full-fledged service to assist you in incorporating a company in India.

  • Ensure Capital Adequacy

    The minimum of Rs/ 5 Crores is required as the net owned funds in the applicant company; hence the second step is to raise capital to more than Rs 5 Crore.

  • Deposit the Capital

    After the paid-up capital of more than 5 Crore is received in the company, the same should be converted as a fixed deposit in a scheduled bank and obtain a No Lien Certificate from the Banker.

  • Apply for license

    The last step is to make an online application to RBI with all certified documents as required. After that, the hard copy of the application needs to be submitted to the regional office of the RBI

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List of Documents For MFI Registration as NBFC
S.No List of Documents
Memorandum of Association and Articles of Association
Certificate of Incorporation of the company
Certified True Copy of Board resolution
Auditor’s Certificate on Net Owned Fund
Banker’s Certificate of No Lien on Fixed Deposit
Banker’s report about the company
CIBIL Credit Report of the directors
CA Certifed Net worth certificate of the directors
Education Proof of the Director
Directors Professional Qualification Proof
Photo, Identity & Address Proof of Directors
Income Proof of the director
Relevant work experience in the financial sector
Organization Structure Plan

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Section 8 Microfinance Company
Registration of the Section-8 Company with the MCA is the easiest way to start a Micro Finance Company in India, Without charging any guarantee or security It can give loans at low rates that are set by the RBI and the government. They help a lot with everything that happens in rural and agricultural areas, like making money and finding jobs. There are two types of microfinance companies that can be set up in India: one that needs to be approved by the RBI and one that doesn’t. The non-profit type is called a section 8 company and doesn’t need the RBI’s permission.
Though the RBI regulates the banking, However, through Master Circular RBI/2015-16/15 Dated 01 July 2015, the Section 8 Companies engaged in microfinance activities are exempted from the applicability of the RBI Act; thus they do not require any license from RBI provided they are engaged in following activities only.
Condition of Section 8 Micro Finance Company
Provides loan not exceeding Rs. 50,000 for a business and Rs. 1,25,000 for meeting the cost of a dwelling unit to any poor person
The Company has received a Licensed under Section 8 of the Companies Act, 2013;`
The Company does not accept public deposits.
Benefits of Section-8 Micro Finance Company
To make the availability of loans/credit to small businesses and borrowers, the Government of India and RBI have developed a policy framework for the Micro Finance Institutions (MFI). The policies are aimed to provide the required legitimacy and boost to the microfinance sector. Following are the key advantages of registering a Micro Finance Company in India.
List of Documents for Section 8 Microfinance Company
A. Documents of Directors/Shareholder B. Documents For Registered Address
  1. Passport Size Colour Photograph
  2. Self attested Pan Card
  3. Self attested Aadhar Card
  4. Address Proof: (any one document)
    1. Telephone Bill
    2. Gas Bill
    3. Electricity Bill
    4. Bank Statement
  5. Identity Proof: (any one document)
    1. Passport
    2. Voter ID
    3. Driving License
  1. Proof of Premises
    1. Telephone Bill
    2. Electricity Bill
    3. Water Bill
  2. No Objection Certificate from Owner
  3. Download NOC Format
Process of Registration of Section 8 Microfinance Company
  • Digital Signature

    For Registration of a Microfinance Company as a Section 8 Company, the applications to ROC are filed in digital format signed using the Digital Signature (DSC) of its promoters. Hence making the DSC is the first step.

  • Check For Name Availability

    The company's name needs to be new and unique and is not the same or similar to an already existing company, LLP or Trademark. The application for name reservation is filed in the RUN form to ROC

  • Drafting of MOA and AOA

    The MOA contains the company's main object; hence, the objects relating to the microfinance business are drafted as the company's main object. AOA is the Internal rules of the company.

  • Filing of Spice Plus Form to ROC

    For the issue of the Certificate of Incorporation of Section 8 Microfinance Company, the application in Spice Plus form is made to ROC with required documents of promoters and relating to the registered address of the company.

  • Issue of Certificate of Incorporation

    On approval of the spice plus form as filed with the ROC, the certificate of incorporation is issued under the signature of the registrar of companies. It contains the name, registered address, date of incorporation, PAN and TAN Number.

Bar on Acceptance of Deposits as Micro Finance Company
A microfinance company can not accept deposits from the public and need to invest its funds for its operations. The bar on acceptance of deposits is applicable for both kinds of microfinance companies; in simple language, both the microfinance operating, whether as NBFC or as section 8 company, has a Bar on accepting the deposits. As per RBI Rules, the new microfinance companies operating as NBFC must apply as a Non-Deposit Taking company initially. After acquiring experience and track record, they may apply for a change in status from Non-Deposit to Deposit Taking Microfinance Company.

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Frequently Asked Questions
A microfinance company is a business that helps people get small loans. Most of the time, this type of institution helps small business owners in rural areas get money through microcredit.
To start a microfinance company, a Section 8 company needs to be incorporated under the Companies Act, 2013. After the registration of Micro Finance Company, the rules of RBI are required to be complied with.
The primary document of the promoters such as Identity Proof, Address Proof, Registered Address Proof and NOC from the owner of the registered address.
The recovery system must not be coercive. A centralised recovery system must be followed. If the borrower does not make the payment within the specified time period, the officials have the authority to go after the borrower and retrieve the money.
The quantity of current assets that a corporation has on hand is referred to as its net assets.
Generally, the clients of MFI operate in rural areas include small and medium-sized enterprises (SME) and small- and medium-sized enterprises (SME).
No, both businesses are distinct from one another.
Nidhi Company is a limited liability company established under Section 406 of the Companies Act. In contrast, an application for the registration of a microfinance company must take into account section 8 corporations