Mandatory Registration Applicable to all Businesses in India

  • Setindiabiz Team
  • December 11, 2023
Mandatory Registration Applicable to all Businesses in India
QUICK SUMMARY ↬ This essential guide on mandatory registrations post-incorporation of businesses unravels the crucial licenses, registrations, and documents necessary to ensure seamless compliance and operations in India.
Navigating a successful business journey in India extends beyond the initial incorporation phase. To ensure smooth and hassle-free business operations, you must meet the post-incorporation compliances as well. Here’s a comprehensive guide to help you dig deeper into a complete list of post-incorporation compliances and mandatory registrations for your business. Understanding and fulfilling these obligations not only ensure legal adherence but also pave the way for a robust and sustainable business growth.
Indian Corporate laws offer a lot of options when it comes to setting up a business in India. These include Sole Proprietorships, Partnership Firms, LLPs, Companies and non-profit businesses. Each of these businesses have their own set of compliances and mandatory registrations to obtain. However, a few of them are common to all. Let’s discuss what these common mandatory registrations are, that every business structure has to take in India.
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What are the Mandatory Registrations Applicable to Indian Businesses?

Several mandatory registrations play a pivotal role in ensuring legal adherence, financial transparency, and overall operational robustness of businesses in India. These include foundational registrations like Business PAN and TAN, labour and tax-related compliances such as Shops and Establishment, EPF, ESI, GST, and other registrations based on the business activity. Additionally, specialized registrations like Startup India and MSME cater to the unique needs of emerging enterprises, providing them with distinct advantages and financial support. Below is a comprehensive tabular representation outlining the key mandatory registrations applicable to Indian businesses.
Registration Applicability
Business PAN
All businesses
TAN (Tax Deduction Account Number)
Businesses involved in tax deduction / collection at source
Shops and Establishment
All businesses
Professional Tax
Applicable to certain specific Indian States
EPF (Employees' Provident Fund)
Establishments employing 20 or more individuals
ESI (Employees' State Insurance)
Businesses with more than 10 employees
GST (Goods and Services Tax)
Entities engaged in the supply of goods and services
Startup India
Emerging businesses and startups
Micro, Small, and Medium Enterprises
Mandatory Registration for Businesses

Permanent Account Number (PAN)

The Business PAN (Permanent Account Number) is a unique 10-digit alphanumeric identifier issued by the Income Tax Department of India. It serves as a crucial document for businesses, primarily used for various financial and taxation purposes. Obtaining a Business PAN is one of the mandatory compliances, as it enables the government to track and monitor financial transactions of the business entity. Businesses typically apply for a PAN during the registration process or shortly afterward. The application can be submitted online through the official website of NSDL or through authorized professional agencies.
The applicant needs to provide essential details such as business name, address, type of business entity, and the names of the individuals associated with the business. Once the application is processed and approved, the Business PAN is issued, and a physical card is dispatched to the registered address. Note here that certain business structures like companies and LLPs receive their PAN as soon as the incorporation process is completed. There is no need to file any separate applications. Having a Business PAN is not only a legal requirement but also facilitates seamless financial transactions, including opening a business bank account, filing income tax returns, and conducting various financial activities that contribute to the smooth functioning of the business.

Tax Account / TDS Number (TAN)

The Tax Deduction and Collection Account Number (TAN) is a 10-digit alphanumeric identifier issued by the Income Tax Department of India. It is specifically designed for businesses and entities that are required to deduct or collect taxes at the source. The primary purpose of TAN is to ensure accurate accounting of tax deductions and collections made by businesses during transactions.Businesses apply for TAN if they are involved in activities that necessitate tax deduction at the source, such as salaries, interest, dividends, or payments to contractors and professionals.
TAN is particularly crucial for entities complying with the provisions of the Income Tax Act, 1961, ensuring that tax is deducted at the prescribed rates before making payments.The application process for TAN is similar to that of Business PAN and can be done online through the official website of NSDL or other professional agencies. Applicants need to furnish details such as business name, address, type of business entity, and other relevant particulars. If the application gets approved, TAN is allotted to the business entity by the Income Tax Department. An exception to this application process is an incorporated company. Companies receive their TAN, along with their PAN and Certificate of Incorporation, without the need to separately apply for it.

Shops and Establishment Registration

The Shops and Establishments registration is a crucial labor law compliance measure in India, designed to regulate the working conditions, rights, and obligations of employees in commercial establishments. This is a mandatory registration for businesses operating within a specific jurisdiction and is typically governed by state-specific rules and regulations. It extends beyond traditional retail shops, covering a broad spectrum of establishments, including offices, eateries, entertainment venues, and service providers.
Businesses falling under the ambit of the Shops and Establishments Act must obtain this mandatory registration within 30 days of being incorporated. The process involves submitting necessary documents such as proof of identity, address, and details of employees, along with the prescribed application form, to the local municipal or district authorities. The registration certifies that the business complies with labor laws, ensuring the welfare of employees by defining working hours, leave policies, and other conditions of employment. Not only does it safeguard the rights of workers, but it also demonstrates the commitment of businesses to ethical and legal employment practices, fostering a conducive work environment.

Professional Tax Registration

Professional Tax Registration for businesses is a mandatory registration imposed by State Governments in India on both employers and employees in the private sector. This tax, levied on professions, trades, and employment, is subject to a yearly limit set by the Parliament of India, currently capped at Rs. 2500. The responsibility of obtaining Professional Tax Registration lies with the business owner, directors in the case of a company, and the designated partner if it is a limited liability partnership (LLP).
Once registered, employers must diligently collect professional tax from their employees and subsequently deposit the amount with the Professional Tax department. Additionally, businesses are required to maintain meticulous registers and ensure timely filing of professional tax returns with the respective department. This compliance not only ensures adherence to state tax laws but also contributes to the overall development of local infrastructure and services. Currently, several states in India enforce the collection of professional tax as part of their fiscal regulations.
State-wise Applicability of Professional Tax in India
Andhra Pradesh
Tamil Nadu
Madhya Pradesh
West Bengal

EPF Registration

EPF Registration stands as an indispensable facet among mandatory registrations for businesses, and is governed by the Employees’ Provident Fund (EPF) Act. Aimed at providing a robust social security net for employees, this registration is obligatory for establishments employing 20 or more individuals. Post registration, employers are mandated to contribute a percentage of their employees’ salaries to the Employees’ Provident Fund, ensuring a financial security for during their retirement years. EPF Registration not only fosters financial security for the workforce but also underscores an employer’s commitment to the well-being of their employees.

ESI Registration

ESI Registration, also one of the vital labour law registrations for businesses, is governed by the Employees’ State Insurance (ESI) Act. Applicable to businesses with more than 10 employees, this registration is pivotal for ensuring that employees receive healthcare and financial benefits in times of sickness, disablement, or other contingencies. Employers are required to contribute a percentage of the employee’s salary to the Employees’ State Insurance Corporation fund, promoting a holistic approach to employee heath, wellness and welfare.

GST Registration

GST Registration holds a central position in the realm of mandatory tax registrations for businesses. Compulsory for entities engaged in the supply of goods and services surpassing the prescribed turnover threshold, GST Registration is imperative for seamless compliance with the Goods and Services Tax regime. This registration not only streamlines the taxation process but also contributes to creating a transparent and accountable business ecosystem.

Startup India Registration

Startup India Registration, while not mandatory, emerges as a pivotal step for burgeoning businesses. This initiative, designed to nurture entrepreneurship and innovation, offers a plethora of benefits, including tax incentives and funding support mechanisms to young and newly established businesses. Registering under Startup India provides startups with a conducive environment for growth and development, making it a strategic move for emerging enterprises. To be eligible for Startup India Registration, businesses have to meet a prescribed set of criterias in terms of their age and turnover limits.

MSME Registration

MSME Registration, a cornerstone in mandatory registrations for businesses, caters specifically to Micro, Small, and Medium Enterprises. Beyond obligatory compliance, this registration unlocks access to government schemes, subsidies, and financial assistance. It plays a pivotal role in supporting the growth and development of businesses within the dynamic MSME sector. The eligibility criteria for MSME Registration includes net turnover and investment limits of businesses in the previous financial year.

Other Activity-based Mandatory Registrations

Other Activity-based Mandatory Registrations encompass a diverse array of registrations tailored to the unique nature of business activities. These registrations ensure adherence to industry-specific regulations, creating a legally sound operational framework for enterprises engaged in various sectors. Each registration serves as a critical component in fostering compliance and sustainability within the dynamic business landscape. A few examples would include FSSAI and Eating House License for food businesses, PSARA License registration for security businesses, drug license registration for drug-based businesses and so on.


Navigating the path of mandatory registrations is an integral aspect of establishing and sustaining a businesses in India. From labour registrations like EPF and ESI to tax registrations such as GST, each one plays a crucial role in ensuring legal compliance, fostering employee welfare, and unlocking a spectrum of benefits. Embracing these mandatory registrations not only fortifies the foundation of a business but also reflects a commitment to ethical practices and regulatory adherence. This is how businesses find the key to a resilient and thriving existence, setting the stage for sustained growth in the dynamic Indian business landscape.


Q1: What are a few mandatory registrations for businesses in India?

Post Incorporation, businesses in India need to take these few mandatory registrations:
  1. Shops and Establishment Registration
  2. GST Registration
  3. ESI & EPF Registration
  4. Professional Tax Registration
  5. MSME Registration
  6. Startup India Registration

Q2: Who is responsible for obtaining mandatory registrations in a business?

The responsibility of obtaining mandatory registrations lies with the business owner, directors in the case of a company, and designated partners in the case of a limited liability partnership. This ensures that key decision-makers are actively engaged in regulatory compliance.

Q3: Is Startup India Registration mandatory for new businesses?

While Startup India Registration is not mandatory, it is highly beneficial for emerging businesses. Registering under this initiative unlocks numerous incentives, tax benefits, and support mechanisms, creating a favorable environment for startups to thrive.

Q4: What is the penalty for non-compliance with mandatory registrations?

Non-compliance with mandatory registrations may lead to legal repercussions, including fines and penalties. It is essential for businesses to adhere to the stipulated regulations, such as EPF, ESI, GST, and others, to avoid legal consequences.

Q5: How often do businesses need to renew their mandatory registrations?

The renewal frequency varies for different mandatory registrations. While some, like EPF and ESI, require regular contributions, others may necessitate periodic renewal. Businesses should stay informed about the renewal timelines for each registration to ensure continuous compliance with applicable laws.

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