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What are the benefits of registering a private limited company?

The benefits of private limited company over all other types of businesses such as proprietorships, partnership firms, Limited Liability Partnerships, One Person Companies, and public limited companies, has made it the most preferable choice among young startup owners. This article has been written with the purpose to inform and educate readers about all the benefits of private limited company, so that an informed choice can be made on their legal statuses during their information.
Benefits Of Private Limited Company In India
As the third-largest startup ecosystem globally, India has been witnessing a sharp rise in the number of newly established businesses across industries, in the past couple of years. Most of these businesses start operating at a smaller scale and cater to the demands of the local customers only. They record low turnovers and profits, thereby, discouraging investors from investing the required capital into the businesses. However, startups continuously aspire to make it big in their respective industries and garner the desired amount of capital for the growth and expansion of their businesses. Hence, It is often recommended that they get incorporated and avail of the benefits of Private Limited Company.
S.No Benefits of Private Limited Company List
1.
Limited Liability for owners
2.
Attractive for Investors
3.
Preferred for funding by banks and financial institutions
4.
Simple and easy to incorporate
5.
Low income Tax
6.
Perpetual Existence
As the third-largest startup ecosystem globally, India has been witnessing a sharp rise in the number of newly established businesses across industries, in the past couple of years. Most of these businesses start operating at a smaller scale and cater to the demands of the local customers only. They record low turnovers and profits, thereby, discouraging investors from investing the required capital into the businesses. However, startups continuously aspire to make it big in their respective industries and garner the desired amount of capital for the growth and expansion of their businesses. Hence, It is often recommended that they get incorporated and avail of the benefits of Private Limited Company.

Table of Contents

Benefits of Private Limited Company

There are several benefits of Private Limited Company over other types of business entities. Private Limited Companies are not only easy and affordable to incorporate, but also carry credibility as legally incorporated entities. Besides, they are exempted from several mandatory legal compliances under the Companies Act 2013. As a legal entity, they also enjoy the power to sue third parties in a court of law. Moreover, features like limited liability for owners, a complete separation between ownership, business, and management, and no minimum requirement of authorized capital for setting up the business, make private limited companies an affordable and profitable venture to establish and operate.

Limited Liability

Limited Liability is the first among the many benefits of private limited companies. Unlike proprietorships, and partnerships, private limited companies exist as separate legal entities from their shareholders. Neither do the shareholders pocket all the gains nor are they liable for all the losses of the company. The income and the liability of the company are distributed among all shareholders according to a predetermined ratio, agreed upon by the unanimous consensus of all shareholders, prior to the incorporation of the company. Limited liabilities for shareholders are not only an attractive feature for investors but also a characteristic that provides them with immunity against financial impoverishment, in times of crisis. Hence, this becomes one of the best benefits of Private Limited Company in India.

Attractive to Investors

Private Limited Companies are attractive for investors owing to its high potential for growth and historical records of success in the Indian market. Further, a Private Limited company is a popular name in the domestic as well as Indian market, and sounds more convincing to entrepreneurs looking forward to making it big in their respective industries . Some of the big business brands and industrial monopolies like Parle, Google, American Express, Cocacola, and Jaguar are all Private Limited Companies. You can find plenty of similar examples in Indian and global markets. This is exactly why a private limited company is considered as the best choice of business structure for startups.

Preferred by banks and Financial Institutions

Private Limited companies are entities that require mandatory registration with the Registrar of Companies under the Ministry of Corporate Affairs. The process of registration is primarily governed by the Companies Act 2013 and the Company Incorporation Rules 2014, along with several other provisions mentioned in statutes like the Trademark Act, Names and Emblems Act, Income Tax Act, GST Act, EPF Act, ESIC Act, Shops and Establishment Act, Contracts Act, SEBI Act, etc.
Registrations, approvals, certificates, and licences obtained under all these acts, helps the government in maintaining publicly accessible databases containing relevant information about the companies. This enhances the credibility of private limited companies, as government databases carry absolutely authentic and verified information about them. Consequently, investors and creditors remain assured that their money is landing in safe hands.
Contrarily, businesses like proprietorships and partnerships that remain unregistered, compromise their credibility, as their existence cannot be found on any government databases or registers. Credibility among investors is one of the major benefits of Private Limited Company.

Perpetual Existence

The life of a company does not depend on the life of its owners, as a company has a legal identity of its own. This means that a private limited company shall continue to exist even after the death, resignation, retirement, removal, insolvency, or proven insanity of a shareholder. It shall only cease to exist when wounded up or voluntarily dissolved. The reason for the perpetual existence of a company lies in the fact that it can have as many as 200 shareholders at a time. Besides, the shares they hold can be easily transferred to new owners, in case of their departure from the company.
This feature of a private limited company is different from business entities like proprietorships or partnerships, where the business and the owner are one and the same, in the eyes of law. The death or departure of a proprietor or partner means an immediate dissolution of their respective businesses. Additionally, after the death of a partner, the partnership deed of a firm automatically terminates. Among the many benefits of Pvt ltd company, this benefit assures its indefinite existence.

Low Income Tax

Section 80IAC of the Income Tax Act offers 3 consecutive financial years as tax holidays for shareholders of startups registered either as a private limited company or an LLP. A low cost burden of legal and tax compliances is one of the most significant benefits of Private Limited Company.

Easy to incorporate

The introduction of the SPICe+ application has made the process of company registration completely online. SPICe+ / INC 29 is an online application for the registration of a company and 10 additional services from the Ministries of Finance, Labour, and Corporate Affairs. These include applications for DIN, PAN, TAN, registrations under GST, PT, EPF, ESIC, and Shops & Establishment Act, and opening a current bank account for the company. Besides, PART A of the form, which can be submitted either individually or with the entire application, contains the RUN form for the name reservation of the company.
Integrating all these forms together has certainly reduced the paperwork, time, and cost of incorporating a private limited company in India. An easy, simple, and 100% online process of incorporation is one of the major benefits of private limited company.

Conclusion

Startups often face multiple dilemmas while deciding whether to incorporate their businesses or not. This is primarily due to the hefty cost involved in the process of incorporation and related compliances, which startups struggle to afford in the initial stages of their business. However, they often fail to realise that the disadvantages and penalties for not getting incorporated, far exceed the cost of incorporation. As far as the legal status is concerned, startups are anyway permitted to get incorporated as a private limited company, an LLP, or a partnership firm only. Out of these, a private limited company is the most viable option, especially when compared to the other two. The reasons for the same have been discussed above to provide a thorough understanding of the benefits of private limited company in India.

About Setindiabiz

Setindiabiz is an organized team of experienced CA, CS, & Lawyers, duly supported by a pool of trained accountants & paralegal staff that provides quality & affordable compliance services to startups & small businesses in India. The views, statements and recommendations expressed in this article or post are only for the sole objective of providing information, and it does not constitute professional advice or recommendation of the company. Neither the author nor the company or its affiliates accepts any liability for any loss or damage arising from any information in this article or any actions taken in reliance thereon.
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