How to E-Register Your Trademark in India in 10 Simple Steps

  • Setindiabiz Team
  • January 3, 2024
How to E-Register Your Trademark in India

In this guide, we simplify the process of e-registering your trademark in 10 simple steps. The guide covers everything from understanding trademarks to practical steps like choosing a distinctive mark, filing applications, and overcoming potential obstacles. Whether you’re a first-time filer or renewing your trademark, our step-by-step approach ensures a smooth journey of safeguarding your brand identity in the dynamic Indian market.

Protecting your brand identity in the dynamic Indian market is crucial, and trademark registration is a key step in this process. A registered trademark not only provides your brand with a unique identity but also shields it from unauthorized use. However, the journey to trademark registration can be complex. SetIndiaBiz simplifies this, guiding you through every step, ensuring compliance with Indian Trademark Registration rules, and enhancing the likelihood of approval. In this blog, we’ll break down the process of e-registering your trademark in India, making it straightforward and easy. Let’s dive in!

Let's Understand the Meaning of a Trademark

A trademark is a unique symbol, sign, or expression that identifies and differentiates your goods or services in the marketplace. It’s not just a logo or a brand name, but a powerful tool that conveys your brand’s unique essence to your customers.
The significance of a trademark lies in three key areas: brand identity, legal protection, and market positioning. A trademark is the face of your business that customers recognize, fostering trust and loyalty. Legally, it gives you exclusive rights to use your brand identity and allows you to take action against unauthorized use. In a vibrant market like India, a registered trademark enhances your brand’s standing, helps you stand out in the competition, and can be pivotal for business growth.

Why Should You E-Register Your Trademark in India?

E-Registering your trademark in India provides convenience, efficiency, and transparency. It allows you to apply from anywhere, saving time spent on paperwork and physical visits to a registration office. You can track your application in real-time, pay fees through secure methods, and rely on clear guidelines provided online, minimizing the potential for errors. Plus, it’s an eco-friendly choice, aligning with sustainability goals by reducing paper usage. SetIndiaBiz takes this ease a notch higher, providing expert guidance at each step, making the e-registration process smooth and hassle-free for you.

Preparation for Trademark Registration in India

Before you register a trademark in India, it’s crucial to conduct a thorough trademark search to ensure your chosen mark isn’t already registered or under review. Consideration of the appropriate trademark class and the exact goods or services it will represent is equally important. Preparing a clear and concise description of your mark and gathering all necessary documents for the application forms the foundation of a smooth registration process. Now you are ready to go, just follow the following ten steps to register your trademark in India.
Preparation for Trademark Registration in India

Step 1: Choose Your Trademark

The first step towards trademark registration is choosing your trademark. It should be distinctive and unique to your business, making it easy for customers to identify your products or services. Avoid generic or descriptive terms. Instead, opt for suggestive, arbitrary, or fanciful marks as they provide a higher degree of protection. Remember, your trademark embodies your brand’s essence and sets it apart in the market. Therefore, it’s worth investing thought and creativity to select a trademark that reflects your brand’s values, ethos, and identity while catching the attention of your target audience.

Step 2: Identify Your Trademark Class

Once you’ve chosen your trademark, the next step is to identify the appropriate class under which it will be registered. The Nice Classification, an international system used to classify goods and services for the purposes of trademark registration, is also adopted by India. It features 45 classes – Classes 1-34 pertain to different types of goods, while Classes 35-45 represent various services. Each class covers a specific set of goods or services. For instance, Class 25 covers clothing, footwear, and headwear. It’s crucial to accurately identify your trademark class as it determines the scope of your trademark protection.

Step 3: Filing the Application

Having chosen your trademark and identified its class, it’s time to file your application. In India, this involves filling out Form TM-A, accessible on the official website of the Controller General of Patents Designs and Trademarks. The form requests essential details including your name, address, the representation of your trademark, the class it falls under, and a detailed description of your goods or services. A declaration/affidavit of your claim to the proposed trademark’s usage is also required.
However, this process can be complex and daunting for first-time filers. That’s where SetIndiabiz steps in. We offer affordable trademark filing services, guiding you through the form filling, ensuring accuracy, and helping you avoid potential pitfalls. After providing the necessary details, we submit your application online, alongside the requisite fee. With SetIndiabiz, filing your trademark application in India becomes easy, efficient, and cost-effective.

Step 4: Pay the Application Fees

The next step in the trademark registration process is payment of the application fees. The official fee for online trademark registration in India is INR 4,500 for individuals, startups, or small enterprises and INR 9,000 for all other entities, per trademark per class. These fees can be paid online via the trademark registration portal using various payment options like net banking, debit/credit cards, or UPI. Ensure to save a copy of the payment receipt, as it serves as proof of your transaction.

Step 5: Trademark Examination

Following your application submission and fee payment, the Trademark Office examines your application. An examination report is issued to assess if your proposed trademark complies with the laws and doesn’t conflict with existing registered trademarks. If objections are raised, they will be listed in the examination report. These may be due to absolute grounds (like your trademark being non-distinctive or descriptive) or relative grounds (like similarity to existing registered trademarks).
You’re required to respond to these objections within a month of receiving the report. Crafting an effective response often requires legal expertise to address the issues raised. This is another area where SetIndiabiz shines. Our team of seasoned professionals assists in drafting comprehensive and persuasive responses, skillfully addressing each objection and increasing the chances of your application’s success. We’re committed to navigating these potential challenges, simplifying your trademark registration journey.

Step 6: Trademark Publication

Upon clearing the examination stage and any objections, your trademark is published in the Indian Trademark Journal. This publication serves as a public notice, allowing third parties to view your proposed mark.
The Journal includes all the details of the trademarks that have been accepted by the Trademark Office. After publication, there’s a period of four months where third parties can oppose your trademark application if they believe it infringes on their rights. In case of opposition, a legal proceeding is initiated, and both parties are given the opportunity to present their cases.

Step 7: Address Opposition (If Any)

If any opposition arises during the publication phase, it triggers a legal proceeding where both parties – the applicant and the opponent – present their arguments. The opponent needs to file a notice of opposition, and in response, you’ll need to file a counter-statement. In the counter-statement, you need to state your grounds for contesting the opposition, explaining why you believe your trademark does not infringe on the opponent’s rights. Both parties may submit evidence supporting their arguments.
This phase can be complex, requiring careful navigation and strategic responses. SetIndiabiz offers expert assistance during this critical time. Our experienced professionals help craft robust counter-statements, provide advice on the best course of action, and guide you through each step of the process, helping you defend your trademark effectively.

Step 8: Trademark Registration

When no opposition is raised, or any opposition is dismissed, your trademark moves to final registration. The Trademark Office then issues a registration certificate, which is official evidence of your trademark ownership. This registration is valid for ten years and can be renewed indefinitely. SetIndiaBiz accompanies you throughout this journey, from initial application to the moment your registration certificate is in your hands, ensuring seamless end-to-end service.

Step 9: Trademark Renewal

Your trademark registration is valid for ten years from the date of application, but it doesn’t end there. To keep your trademark protection intact, it needs to be renewed every ten years. The renewal process can begin six months before the expiration date, and if not renewed, the trademark can be removed from the Trademark Registry. The renewal requires a prescribed fee and Form TM-R to be filed with the Trademark Office.
This may seem like a recurring task, but SetIndiaBiz is here to help. We provide timely reminders and manage the renewal process for you, ensuring your trademark protection never lapses.

Step 10: Trademark Infringement and Protection

Once your trademark is registered, it is essential to monitor its use to prevent unauthorized exploitation, also known as infringement. Infringement could include unauthorized use of a similar or identical mark for similar goods or services, which could lead to confusion among consumers. If you suspect your registered trademark is being infringed, you have the right to initiate legal action. This could result in injunctions, damages, or accounts of profits depending on the case specifics.

Registering a trademark in India might seem complicated, but with the right guidance and resources, it's a navigable process. At SetIndiaBiz, we're committed to providing expert support at every step of your trademark journey, from selection and registration to renewal and protection. Secure your brand's future with us, because your brand identity is worth safeguarding.



Q1: How do I choose an ideal trademark for my brand?

Choose a distinctive and unique trademark that represents your brand. Avoid generic or descriptive terms. Opt for suggestive, arbitrary, or fanciful marks for better protection. Your trademark should reflect your brand’s values, ethos, and identity while capturing the attention of your target audience.

Q2: Is trademark classification necessary during trademark registration?

Identifying the appropriate trademark class is crucial as it determines the scope of your trademark protection. The Nice Classification system, adopted by the Indian Trademark Registry, categorizes goods and services into 45 classes. Accurately identifying your class ensures that your trademark is protected within the specific category relevant to your business.

Q3: How do I respond to Trademark Objections?

If objections arise, the trademark examiner will mention them in the examination report. Objections may be due to non-distinctiveness or similarity to existing trademarks. You must respond within a month of receiving the examination report. If you need assistance, consult our IPR experts now!

Q4: What is Trademark Publication and Public Opposition?

Trademark Publication in the official Trademark Journal serves as public notice allowing third parties to view your proposed mark and raise objections. If opposition arises, a legal proceeding is initiated to settle it. Our IPR team assists during this critical time, helping craft robust counter-statements, providing legal advice, and guiding you through the trademark registration process.

Q5: How does trademark registration benefit brands?

Trademark registration benefits brands by providing a distinct identity, legal exclusivity, and a competitive edge in the market. It enhances credibility, fosters trust, and forms the foundation for long-term brand protection and growth.
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How to E-Register Your Trademark in India in 10 Simple Steps

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