Trademark Classification and Classes of Goods

  • Setindiabiz Team
  • April 18, 2023
Trademark Classification and Classes of Goods

Trademark classification is a crucial prerequisite of the Trademark Registration process. This blog explains the meaning of Trademark Classification, the process of Trademark Classification, its importance and benefits in Trademark Registration, and finally, its related laws. Check out the Complete List of Trademark Classes for better and clearer understanding.

In today’s competitive business landscape, trademarks play a vital role in establishing brand identity and protecting intellectual property. A trademark serves as a distinctive symbol that sets apart goods or services of one entity from others in the market. However, with a multitude of trademarks in existence, it becomes crucial to have a systematic way to categorize and classify them for their protection. This is where trademark classification comes into play.
Trademark classification is the process of categorizing trademarks into specific classes of goods and services based on their scope and intent of use. It provides a structured framework to organize trademarks for their protection under the Trademark Registration process. In India, trademark classification is considered the first step of Trademark Registration, and must be completed with utmost care and desirably under professional supervision. Let’s delve deeper into the nitty-gritties of Trademark Classification for absolute conceptual clarity!

What is Trademark Classification?

Trademark classification refers to the process of categorizing trademarks into specific classes based on the nature of goods and services they represent. It provides a systematic framework for organizing and distinguishing trademarks, ensuring a clear and standardized approach to their protection via Trademark Registration.
In India, we follow the NICE classification system for Trademark Classification. This system is widely accepted and used across several jurisdictions around the world, including India, for classifying trademarks into specific classes of goods and services. It contains a total of 45 classes, out of which the first 34 (Classes 1 to 34) are meant for goods and the last 10 (Classes 35 to 45) are meant for services.

Why is Trademark Classification Required? : Its Importance & Benefits

Trademark classification is immensely beneficial for registered Trademark owners and holds great significance in the trademark registration process. It allows trademark owners to establish their products or services quite distinctly in the market, ultimately making it easier for consumers to recognize their brand. Moreover, it also ensures that the brand’s products are protected from unauthorized use by similar brands dealing in similar products or services.
When it comes to the trademark registration process, classification ensures consistency and efficiency. It helps trademark authorities effectively manage and process trademark applications, leading to a more organized system of Trademark Registration. Proper classification also reduces the chances of objections a trademark application may receive, saving time and resources for both the applicants and authorities.
Here are a few benefits of Trademark Classification discussed in detail.

1.Organized Trademark Registration Process

Trademark Classification makes it easier to organize and search for specific trademark applications within a particular category. This promotes clarity and consistency in the Trademark Registration process, making it simpler for trademark authorities to manage the vast number of applications they receive on a regular basis.

2. Legal Protection

Trademark classification is a crucial element in establishing legal protection for trademarks. By categorizing trademarks based on the goods or services they represent, one can prevent confusion or ambiguity among consumers, while ensuring their protection against unauthorized use by similar brands.

3. Compliance with Trademark Rules

Trademark classification is a mandatory prerequisite for filing trademark applications. Proper Trademark Classification ensures legal compliance and adherence to trademark rules and regulation and leads to a successful trademark registration process.

4. International Compatibility

Trademark classification, based on the NICE classification system, ensures compatibility with international standards. It enables trademark owners to expand their protection beyond India and seek registration in other countries that follow the same classification system. This consistency facilitates international business operations and brand recognition.

When is Trademark Classification Done?

Trademark classification should ideally be done before conducting the trademark search and filing the trademark application. It is an important step in the early stages of the registration process. Conducting trademark classification prior to the trademark search allows for a more focused and targeted search. It helps identify existing trademarks within the same class or related classes of products or services, enabling applicants to assess the availability and uniqueness of their proposed mark before filing the application for its registration.
This proactive approach helps minimize the risk of potential conflicts and objections during the registration process. Once the trademark is accurately classified and has cleared the search for existing and conflicting marks, the applicant can proceed with its application, and propose the class in which the trademark is supposed to get registered.

StepWise Process of Trademark Classification

Understand the Indian Trademark Classification System: Familiarize yourself with the trademark classification system followed in India, which is based on the NICE classification system. The Indian system categorizes goods and services into 45 different classes, with classes 1 to 34 dedicated to goods and classes 35 to 45 dedicated to services.
Step Wise Process of Trademark Classification

Step 1: Identify the Nature of Goods or Services

Determine the nature of goods or services associated with your trademark specifically in the context of the Indian market. Analyze their characteristics, purpose, and specific features within the Indian business landscape. This understanding will help you choose the appropriate class(es) that accurately represent your goods or services within India.

Step 2: Conduct a Comprehensive Analysis

Conduct a thorough analysis to identify the potential classes that align with your goods or services in the Indian context. Consider the specific usage, consumer perception, and industry practices within India. Review the class descriptions provided in the Indian trademark classification system to narrow down the most suitable class(es) for registration.

Step 3: Utilize Indian Trademark Databases and Resources

Visit the official website of the Indian Trademark Registry at and access the “Trademark Public Search” feature. Enter relevant keywords or descriptions related to your goods or services to conduct a search. Narrow down the results by specifying the class, trademark name, or applicant name. Additionally, refer to the Trademark Journal published by the Indian Trademark Registry.
It provides details of newly filed trademark applications and their classification information. Reviewing the journal helps you evaluate existing trademarks and their classes, aiding in assessing the uniqueness of your proposed trademark. Utilizing these Indian trademark databases and resources provides valuable insights for accurate classification and enhances the chances of successful trademark registration in India.

Step 4: Seek Professional Assistance, if Needed

If you are uncertain about the appropriate classification for your goods or services within the Indian context, consider seeking professional guidance from trademark attorneys or experts familiar with Indian trademark laws and practices. They can provide valuable insights, assist in conducting a comprehensive analysis specific to India, and ensure accurate classification for your trademark application in India.

Step 5: Include the Chosen Class(es) in the Indian Trademark Application

Once you have determined the relevant class(es) for your goods or services within the Indian market, include them in your trademark application filed with the Indian Trademark Registry. Ensure that the chosen class(es) align with the nature and scope of your offerings within the Indian context. Accurate classification specific to India helps streamline the registration process and increases the chances of timely approval.

Common Challenges in Trademark Classification and their Solutions

Navigating the trademark classification process can come with its own set of challenges. From determining the appropriate class(es) for goods or services to adapting to emerging industries and evolving business models, trademark owners may encounter hurdles that require careful consideration. Additionally, as businesses evolve, the need for regular review and potential reclassification arises. So, let’s explore some common challenges faced in trademark classification and provide brief solutions to overcome them.

1. Overlapping Classes:

  • Challenge: Determining the appropriate class(es) when goods or services can potentially fit into multiple classes can be challenging. 
  • Solution: Conduct a detailed analysis of the goods or services to identify the primary function or purpose. Consult trademark experts or attorneys to seek guidance in selecting the most suitable class. If necessary, consider filing separate applications for different classes to ensure comprehensive protection.

2. Emerging Industries and Evolving Business Models:

  • Challenge: With the emergence of new industries and evolving business models, classifying trademarks for innovative goods or services can be complex.
  • Solution: Stay updated with industry trends and changes in the market. Research existing trademarks in related fields and consult professionals familiar with these emerging industries to determine the most appropriate class(es). Consider seeking expert advice to navigate the classification process for unique or unconventional goods or services.

3. Regular Review and Reclassification:

  • Challenge: Over time, the nature of goods or services associated with a trademark may change, requiring reclassification to ensure continued protection.
  • Solution: Regularly review your trademark portfolio and assess if any reclassification is necessary due to changes in the business or industry. Consult trademark professionals to evaluate the impact of changes and guide you through the process of reclassifying the trademark. Proactively update the classification to maintain accurate protection and prevent potential conflicts.

A thorough understanding of the classification of goods and services is essential for a successful trademark registration in India. Adhering to the internationally recognized NICE classification system for this purpose ensures accurate classification, streamlining the registration process and strengthening the protection of trademark rights. It is crucial for applicants to carefully analyze their goods or services and select the most appropriate class to maximize the scope and enforceability of their trademark.

Additionally, seeking professional guidance and utilizing resources such as the comprehensive class list can greatly assist in navigating the classification system effectively. By embracing these practices, individuals and businesses can safeguard their trademarks and establish a strong foundation for their intellectual property protection strategies.



Q1: How do I determine the appropriate trademark class for my goods or services?

To determine the appropriate trademark class, you should carefully consider the nature of your goods or services. Refer to the NICE classification system, which provides a comprehensive list of classes. Analyze the purpose, function, and characteristics of your goods or services to select the most relevant class.

Q2: What is the significance of using the NICE classification system for trademark registration?

The NICE classification system is an internationally recognized and widely used system for trademark classification. It ensures a standardized approach to Trademark Classification across the world. So, using the NICE classification system helps maintain consistency and clarity in trademark registration processes globally.

Q3: Can I register my trademark under multiple classes?

Yes, you can register your trademark under multiple classes. If your goods or services fall into different classes, it’s advisable to file separate applications for each class. Registering under multiple classes provides broader protection and prevents others from using similar trademarks in all those classes.

Q4: What are the resources available to help me find the correct class of my Trademark?

Several resources can assist you in finding the correct class for your goods or services. You can consult the NICE classification database or use online trademark search tools that provide class suggestions based on keyword searches. Additionally, seeking guidance from trademark professionals or attorneys can be beneficial.

Q5: What are the potential consequences of choosing the wrong trademark class during the registration process?

Choosing the wrong trademark class can have various consequences. It may result in your trademark not being adequately protected within the intended scope. In some cases, it can lead to objections or challenges during the registration process. Therefore, it’s crucial to accurately classify your goods or services to ensure proper protection and avoid potential complications.
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