Public places like hotels, cafes, gyms, restaurants, offices, airplanes, etc., or college campuses for concerts, fests, and festivals are non-commercial spaces that are under the obligation to obtain music license by the Phonographic Performance Ltd (PPL). The IPRS, however, issues licenses to music users and also collects royalties from them on behalf of the creators of the music like authors, composers and publishers.
We have already discussed that the applicant needs to decide which category or what type of music license they wanted to obtain. In this context, we have listed all categories or types of music licenses below.
The first type of music licenses in India are those for public places and performances. They are required for playing music in public places like hotels, guest houses, resorts, vacation homes, clubs, lodges, shopping centers, parks, etc. Public event performances that are organized at pubs, nightclubs, amusement parks, dining restaurants, lounges, coffee houses, cafes, etc. also require music licenses. Banquet halls, auditoriums, waiting halls, etc. Music licenses are also required by publishers and broadcasters who broadcast music and live events via satellites, radio shows, television shows, etc.
The second type of music licenses are those that are obtained for online streaming of music on OTT or other digital platforms. Broadcasting of non-interactive and interactive music shows, live karaoke performances and the use of motion pictures on digital media, downloading, rental, and sale of music on digital media, audio recording facility on the digital medium also require music licenses.
Caller tone, ringtone, and caller back ringtone (CRBT) is the third type of music license.
Playing music for commercial purposes requires a different category of music license. For example, voice recordings for advertising, videos, and even promotional videos come under this category.
Once the applicant knows what category or type of license they need, it can be then easily applied for in the manner prescribed under law.
The above are the places where offices for PPL license applications can be filed.
The following is the procedure that needs to be followed while applying for IPRS music license:
The cost to obtain a PPL licence depends upon various factors like the location where the music is being played or performed, duration of music to be played, the number of songs to be played, nature and capacity of the premises, etc.
To obtain the Indian Performing Rights Society’s Limited or the IPRS License which is required for live music performances being organised by any entity, usually costs approximately Rs.1.5/ square meter. The minimum royalty to be paid is also INR 50,0000 etc.
Music license gives an artist an open forum to showcase their talent to the world and a platform for protecting the artists’ original work. When any third party plays the music of an artist, the artist in return gets a royalty payment which eventually becomes a good source of income for them. Such a license not only protects them but also gives them the right to perform publicly. Any offender found who fails to follow the rules will be punished under sections 63 and 63 A of the Copyrights Act, 1957, and will be severely penalized for the same.