Issue of Share Certificate & Franking

Mandatory for All Companies Registered in India

  1. The share certificate must be issued within 60 Days
  2. Pay stamp duty within 30 days of share issuance
  3. Non Compliance may result in imprisonment
  4. Late compliance possible with additional fine

A company is under obligation to issue share certificates to its members within 60 days of allotment of shares and in case of a new company within 60 days of its incorporation. Under the provisions of the stamp act, the company is required to pay stamp duty on the issue of the share certificate. We assist companies in meeting corporate compliance.

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Issue of Share Certificate & Franking

Issue of Share Certificate & Franking

The subscribers of the MOA & AOA are the first shareholders of the company, and under section 46 of the Companies, Act company must issue share certificates to its members in the format prescribed format showing clearly the number of shares held by a specific shareholder. The share certificates must be issued within a period of 60 days of its allotment or date of incorporation in case it is a newly incorporated company. The requirement of the issue if share certificate is similar for all kinds of company, whether it is an OPC, Small Company, any other Private Limited Company or Public Limited Company.

Section 3 of the Indian stamp act makes it mandatory for every share certificate to bear the essential stamp duty in accordance with the prevailing rate of the stamp duty in the respective state or union territory. The stamp duty is payable in all cases, even if the shares are issued in dematerialized format. Please note that the stamp duty on the share certificate is payable on the issue price of the security and not on the Par/ Nominal value of shares.

Issue of Share Certificate & Franking

Important Points on Issue Share Certificate & Pay Stamp Duty

Issue Share Certificate within 60 Days

Issue Share Certificate within 60 Days

According to the Companies Act, 2013, every person whose name is entered in the register if members as shareholder/member must be issued a share certificate within 60 days

Pay Stamp Duty within 30 Days

Pay Stamp Duty within 30 Days

The stamps act makes it mandatory on the companies to pay stamp duty on the issuance of the share certificate within 30 days from the date on which the share certificate is issued.

Stamp Duty Differs from State to State

Stamp Duty Differs from State to State

The stamp duty on share certificate differs from state to state, and it has to be paid in the state where it has been issued. The registered address of the company is the usual place for the issue of shares.

Create Share Certificate Tool

Create Share Certificate Tool

You may use our tool to create the share certificates easily in the format as prescribed under law within minutes. Click here to Prepare Share Certificate of your Company

Issue of Share Certificate and Franking


Print the Share Certificate

The first step is to print the share certificate on good quality paper as per the format prescribed in the rules. We have created a tool to prepare a share certificate. You are encouraged to use the same or download blank format from here.  


Issue of Share Certificate in Board Meeting

Next step is to convene a board meeting for approval of the share certificate, and after its adoption, it needs to be signed by two directors or the company and they must be handed over to the respective shareholder.


Prepare Documents for Franking

To pay the stamp duty on the share certificate company have to prepare documents, and after obtaining the required signature, the same must be scanned for its upload to the SHCIL website.


Pay Stamp Duty Online

After the documents are uploaded the same need to be digitally signed with the signature of one director and further attested by a professional who is a CA/ CS/CWA after that option for making payment gets activated. Pay the stamp duty and wait for approval.


What are the documents which has to be prepared for payment of stamp duty on share certificate?

The documents to be prepared for the purpose of franking of the share certificate are as under, the procedure is through state-specific, however, in general, the below list would be acceptable for most of the states.

  • Covering Letter on the letterhead (duly affixed Rs 10/- Court Fee Stamp).
  • List of Directors of the Company
  • List of Shareholders for which share certificate is issued
  • Copy of the Share Certificates issues
  • Certified copy of Spice Form (INC-32) with Fee Challan
  • In case of subsequent allotment PAS-3 Form with Challan
  • Signed copy of the MOA & AOA
  • Authority letter in favour of Director / professional

Is stamp duty payable on issue of share certificate in dematerialized form?

Yes, the stamp duty is applicable for all kinds of securities, in case it shares the rates are different for different states, whereas in case of debenture the rate is same for all over India as it is covered under union list.

What is the rate of stamp duty to be paid on share certificate?

The rate on which the stamp duty is to be paid is different from state to state, and you should check the relevant state stamp act for the current stamp duty rates. To know the stamp duty payable on the share certificate for each state, please click here

What is the value on which stamp duty is to be paid?

As per Section 21 of the Indian Stamp Act, the issue price/transaction price is the value for the payment of stamp duty and not the par or nominal value of the security. For example, in case of issue of the security is at a premium, then the stamp duty is payable on the issue price which includes par value and the premium thereon.

What is the place from where share certificate must be issued?

The companies act is silent on the point and nowhere prescribes that the share certificate must be issued from the registered address of the company, in other words, a company is free to issue securities from any other place as well. The stamp duty shall be paid in the state where from where the share certificate has been issued. Our suggestion is to hold a proper board meeting at any place and issue share certificate and pay the stamp duty based on the rate of that specific state.

What about stamp duty on duplicate share certificate or split share certificate?

The regulation 25 of the schedule I of the Indian stamp act provides that on the issue of the duplicate share certificate or issue of fresh share certificate on splitting the value of stamp duty is only Rs. 1/- [One Rupee]

What happens if the stamp duty is not paid within 30 days?

Though the non-payment of stamp duty is a criminal offense for which the directors may be sentenced to imprisonment, however in case department has not launched the prosecution, then you shall be able to pay stamp duty by following the same method. However, after that, the department shall send a notice for determination of penalty.

What is Share Certificate Franking?

Franking of the share certificate is one among several methods by way of which the stamp duty is paid on the share certificate, and these are impressions made on the share certificate by using a Franking Machine, which is usually installed in the office of the sub-registrar or collector of stamp office of the respective stamp. Typically these machines can affix impressions of up to Rs. 999 on stamp paper.


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