The company whether an OPC, Private Limited Company, Section 8 Company or a Limited Company needs to comply with several requirements of Company Act, like issue of share certificates, payment of stamp duty on the shares certificates, filing of declaration for the commencement of business and appointment of the first auditor of the company.
If you are a startup, the journey to becoming an entrepreneur starts with the Registration of Company . A company is a Legal Entity that is regulated by the provisions of the Companies Act, 2013 and the local laws of the state where the company has its registered address. The due date of meeting most of the post-incorporation compliances are generally during the first month. These are the very first step after registration of the company and mandatory in nature. Delaying or non-compliance is serious offense which results in additional fees and penalty. We shall help you to do the necessary compliance for your company.
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From Startup Specialist
Section 144 clearly lays down certain restrictions on the auditors to ensure independence and integrity on the part of auditor while discharging their responsibility as an auditor of the company. The law prescribes that an auditor must not engage in providing below services to the company or its holding company, whether directly or indirectly
In other words, a statutory auditor must not do anything for the company other than the audit of the finalised final accounts of the company. The company is under responsibility to prepare the books of account and draft the balance sheet, profit and loss account, other financial reports and give to auditor for expression of his opinion and Audit Report.
The form ADT-1 is the prescribed e-form through which a company has to file an intimation to the ROC about appointment of the auditor with prescribed fee. The filing of ADT-1 is mandatory if the auditor is appointed by the General Meeting, however in case the appointment is through board of directors meeting the filing of ADT-1 is not necessary.
The form ADT-1 has to be filed within 15 Days of the appointment of the auditor.
Yes, the general fee as prescribed under the rules are also applicable for filing the form ADT-1 and the fee is based on the authorised capital of the company. Below is the list of the filing fee for the declaration for the certificate of commencement of business.
|SI. No||Authorised Capital (INR)||INR|
|1.||Less than 1,00,000||200|
|2.||1,00,000 to 4,99,999||300|
|3.||5,00,000 to 24,99,999||400|
|4.||25,00,000 to 99,99,999||500|
|5.||1,00,00,000 or more||600|
Yes, you have the option of filing the intimation of auditor appointment in form ADT-1 even if the due date is missed, however with an additional fee to be paid based on the delay of the number of days from the due date. Below table is for reference to calculate additional fee.
|SI. No||Delay||Additional Fee as times of Normal filing fee|
|1.||Delay up to 30 Days||2 Times|
|2.||More than 30 days and up to 60 days||4 Times|
|3.||More than 60 days and up to 90 days||6 Times|
|4.||More than 90 days and up to 180 days||10 Times|
|5.||More than 180 days||12 Times|
for any contravention of the provisions of section 139 to 146 there is severe punishment prescribed in section 147 of the Companies Act, 2013 which is as under
Following are the documents which need to be prepared for appointment of the auditor of the company
An auditor is appointed to do audit of the financial statements of a company on completion of the same the auditor has to issue an Audit Report expressing his independent opinion on the financial statements prepared by the company, whether or not it reflects true and fair view of the books of account and affairs of the company. The appointment of the auditor has to be done to meet the compliance requirements as prescribed under section 139 to 148.
The ADT-1 is the statutory form which is filed with the ROC for the purpose of intimation of the appointment of the auditor of the company in general meeting. In case of the first auditor the appointment is done by the board of directors, hence the requirement of filing ADT-1 is not necessary, However as a matter of caution, you may choose to file ADT-1 as the law on this subject matter is not express.
The documents to be prepared for the purpose of franking of the share certificate are as under, the procedure is through state-specific, however, in general, the below list would be acceptable for most of the states.
Yes, the stamp duty is applicable for all kinds of securities, in case it shares the rates are different for different states, whereas in case of debenture the rate is same for all over India as it is covered under union list.
The rate on which the stamp duty is to be paid is different from state to state, and you should check the relevant state stamp act for the current stamp duty rates. To know the stamp duty payable on the share certificate for each state, please click here
As per Section 21 of the Indian Stamp Act, the issue price/transaction price is the value for the payment of stamp duty and not the par or nominal value of the security. For example, in case of issue of the security is at a premium, then the stamp duty is payable on the issue price which includes par value and the premium thereon.
The companies act is silent on the point and nowhere prescribes that the share certificate must be issued from the registered address of the company, in other words, a company is free to issue securities from any other place as well. The stamp duty shall be paid in the state where from where the share certificate has been issued. Our suggestion is to hold a proper board meeting at any place and issue share certificate and pay the stamp duty based on the rate of that specific state.
The regulation 25 of the schedule I of the Indian stamp act provides that on the issue of the duplicate share certificate or issue of fresh share certificate on splitting the value of stamp duty is only Rs. 1/- [One Rupee]
Though the non-payment of stamp duty is a criminal offense for which the directors may be sentenced to imprisonment, however in case department has not launched the prosecution, then you shall be able to pay stamp duty by following the same method. However, after that, the department shall send a notice for determination of penalty.
Franking of the share certificate is one among several methods by way of which the stamp duty is paid on the share certificate, and these are impressions made on the share certificate by using a Franking Machine, which is usually installed in the office of the sub-registrar or collector of stamp office of the respective stamp. Typically these machines can affix impressions of up to Rs. 999 on stamp paper.
As per section 139(6) of Companies Act 2013, 'company (other than government company) has to appoint its first auditor within 30 days from the date of incorporation in a board meeting.
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